Carmel Mission,, Pilgrimage, San Carlos Cathedral Monterey

First Pilgrimage of Saint Junipero Serra – Walk from San Carlos Cathedral to Mission Carmel Basilica – Part 2

September 26, 2015
First Pilgrimage for
Saint Junipero Serra
Part 2

Carpenter Street to Flanders Mansion –  1.7 miles

The rest of our pilgrimage is downhill.  Our grand group crossed Carpenter at Highway 1  

 and moved off Carpenter onto Lower Trail.  

In the residential area of Lower Trail, houses tend to be large with many offering peeks of the Ocean. 

At the end of Lower Trail we make a left on to Valley Way and walk behind the Vendange Carmel Hotel to Lobos Street.

Many of the quaint homes along Lobos Street and Monterey Street in the northeastern section of Carmel were built in the late 1800’s to early 1900’s. During the Depression this area was known as Tortilla Flats.  It was predominately Native American families who spoke Spanish.  They had flat roof houses and served tortillas to guests.  Thus the name Tortilla Flats. 

Left on Third, 

then right on to Hatton Road. 

where houses are historically very large.  Like the one shown below which is on the east side of Hatton one block before Ocean Avenue built in the early 1920’s by a Russian immigrant.

At Ocean Avenue our pilgrimage makes our 3rd crosswalk crossing. Having this down to a science now we obey our crossing guards and walk 5 or 6 abreast across Ocean. 

Almost 5 miles into our pilgrimage we are still almost 150 strong, old, young, strollers and one dog – Always forward, never back! Saint Junipero, pray for us. 

At 25800 Hatton we turn on to the driveway of Flanders Mansion.  

Down the driveway past the Lester Rowntree Native Plant garden to the Flanders Mansion.

Pass the carriage door entrance to the front door behind the mansion.  

Then through the juniper hedge to the most beautiful view in Carmel.  At least according to me.

One of my favorite hikes is to sit in Flanders backyard and look at the Carmel Mission. Surely Saint Junipero came over this hill and looked down at the Mission.    

In the field behind Flanders Father Peter leads us in our last reflection on Saint Junipero Serra. 

Father Peter: “After Saint Junipero’s first complete tour of the fledgling California mission chain in 1772, he saw that provisions were irregular, Indian affairs were poorly managed, and many other changes needed to be made.  He decided to travel to Mexico City to personally appeal to the Viceroy.  This arduous two year journey twice brought him to the gates of death.  While in Mexico he was described as a “lion, giving in only to fever, for none of the ailments that constantly afflicted him, especially shortness of breath, chest pains, and sores on his legs and feet, have ever kept him from his apostolic duties.”  Saint Junipero presented his petitions to Viceroy Bucareli in a now famous 32 point Representation. This was California’s first “Bill of Rights,” which succinctly outlined the province’s needs and offered concrete solutions to its problems.  All his requests were granted…Saint Junipero Serra, you may have lived with spiritual eyes raised to Heaven, but you knew that your primary goal of glorifying God through the conversion of souls could not be obtained without temporal feet planted firmly on earth. You risked your life to travel to Mexico and then witnessed great success in the flowering of California. Help me to effect change where possible, accept limits when necessary, and never forget that God is the source of and reason for, everything I do.  Saint Junipero, pray for us. Siempre adelante, nunca de adtras.” 

Flanders Mansion to Carmel Mission Basilica – .9 mile

It is already 11 AM and we are late for our arrival at Carmel Mission.  But Father Peter assures us Father Paul will wait for us to arrive before starting Mass celebrating the First Saint Junipero Serra Pilgrimage.

Our group crosses the field behind Flanders Mansion and picks up the Mesa Trail which is part of Mission Fields Park.  

We follow the Cross which has been carried by different people during our pilgrimage,   

and switchback down to meet Serra Trail.  

John, who thought he would not make the entire journey, is still with us.  As well as most who began this journey a few hours ago.  

At the end of Mesa Trail we turn left on Serra Trail.  This will take us out of the park at Rio Road. 

If one were to turn right on Serra Trail at the end of Mesa Trail and walk approximately 130 steps this would take one to a large Oak tree with two trunks. 

According to Carmel fokelore this tree was one of the places where Saint Junipero Serra and his group would stop to pray the Stations of the Cross. 

If they were on their way to Monterey it would have been the Second Station (Christ Carries His Cross), if the were on their way to Carmel, it would have been the Thirteenth Station (The Lamentation of Christ).

Professor Ruben Mendoza, who was also on our pilgrimage, said that crosses have been found carved into trees near the missions.  These trees might have been used for prayer. Though it can not be confirmed that this tree was one of those trees used by the padres, I observe some interesting scars on this tree that gives me reason to think the stories might be true.  

Back to our pilgrimage we quickly come to the exit of Mission Fields Park at Rio Road.  Father Peter reminds us to turn left and go to the cross walk.  

Almost our entire group finishes our pilgrimage.  We walk up Rio toward the Carmel Mission parking lot,  singing and praising God for His kindness in bringing us all through this incredible experience safely.  No one was hurt, no one was left behind.  And, yes John made the entire 6 miles! So did the parents pushing strollers and the little dog too. Here we are entering the Mission Courtyard almost 4 hours after we started our journey. 

 Just a quick time out for water and freshening up 

– we have Holy Eucharist to Celebrate! 

For those who would like to see the route Father Peter and our Deacons forged here is a Google Map

For devotional items related to the Catholic Church please visit Lynn’s Timeless Treasures.  

Part 1

Pictures by L. A. Momboisse – 

Carmel Mission,, Pilgrimage, San Carlos Cathedral Monterey

First Pilgrimage of Saint Junipero Serra – Walk from San Carlos Cathedral to Mission Carmel Basilica – Part 1

September 26, 2015
First Pilgrimage for
Saint Junipero Serra
Part 1

At 7:30 AM about 150 people gathered in front of San Carlos Cathedral on Church Street in Monterey.  Father Peter Crivello would be our leader as we attempt to retrace the footsteps of Saint Junipero Serra between San Carlos Cathedral and Carmel Mission Basilica. 

Father Peter gave us a brief overview of our path and some instructions, “Follow the cross, this shows that we are on a pilgrimage…When you see me hold up this gold folder it is time to stop and gather and reflect in prayer…Deacon Warren and others scouted out this route.  It has been a wonderful and inspiring week with Pope Francis here and the canonization of Junipero Serra which people prayed for decades for – and we come to enjoy this moment.  This is one pilgrimage and it is my prayer that it is the first of many.” 

The pilgrimage would be about five miles (Strava on my phone marked the walk at 6.0 miles).  All ages had gathered. We had young families with children in strollers to some of our older parishioners.  John whom I spoke with when we started said he did not expect to walk the entire five miles but he would go as far as he could.  (John made it the entire distance!)  In fact the majority did.  

We began our pilgrimage with prayer.  During our walk we would stop, gather and Father Peter would lead us in prayer and a meditation on the life of Saint Junipero Serra taken from “Blessed Junipero Serra Meditations and Novena,” by Franciscan Friars of California.  

San Carlos Cathedral to Bike Path  – 2.3 miles

Father Peter: “So we begin in prayer asking God to bless us on this pilgrimage recalling the life and ministry of Saint Junipero Serra.  In the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit.  The Lord be with you.” 

Pilgrims: “And with your spirit.” 

Father Peter: “Let us pray. Saint Junipero was ordained a priest at age 24, and earned a doctorate in Sacred Theology at 28.  By age 35, he held the highest ranking professorship at the University of Majorca.  He was also a brilliant orator. After one particularly inspiring sermon, it was recorded that “his sermon was worthy of being printed in letters of gold.” However, the voice of God called Junipero to be a teacher of nations…Saint Junipero left Majorca for Mexico in 1749, he sent a farewell letter to his parents.  He wrote, in part, “I wish I could give you some of the happiness that is mine; I feel that you would urge me to go ahead and never to turn back. What you consider and endure as a great sorrow will be turned into a lasting joy, for, if we are no more to see each other in this world, we will be united forever in eternal glory.  That is my prayer.”

Saint Junipero Serra’s words, “Always go forward and never look back, Siempre adelante, nunca de adtrás became our pilgrimage motto.

And we are off.  From behind the San Carlos Cathedral we turn left on to Fremont, 

make a right on to Via Mirada and pass Lagunta Niranda Park.  

At Iris Canyon Road our group turns right and walks the next mile on this quiet, rarely used road which cuts through the Iris Canyon Greenbelt.

Both sides of the street are lined with Monterey Pine, Coastal Oak, and Poison Oak. Quite possibly this was the route Saint Junipero trekked as he walked back and forth between San Carlos Cathedral and Carmel Misson to say Mass. The one difference would be of course there would be no road, just a dirt trail.  

At the intersection of Don Dahvee Lane we leave the greenbelt and continue on Iris Canyon under Highway 1. 

At the intersection of Iris Canyon and Barnet Segal Lane 

our pilgrimage turns right on to Bernet Segal Lane
and begins our climb up Carmel Hill.

Before our climb, Father Peter gathered us together for our second reflection on the life of Saint Junipero Serra. 

Father Peter: “On December 7, 1749, after a three-month transatlantic crossing to the New World, during which the ship was temporarily blown off course by a violent storm that threatened to shipwreck, Junipero first steeped ashore on continental North America at Vera Cruz, Mexico.  He chose to walk the 275 – mile stretch of El Camino Real to Mexico City’s San Fernando Apostolic College.  Along the way, mosquito or chigger bites infected his lower left leg.  Recurrent inflammations, eventually developing into an ulcerated, possible cancerous growth, would afflict him for the rest of his life…” 

Before setting off again we pray in unison the Our Father, Hail Mary, and Glory Be.  Our pilgrimage shouts Saint Junipero, pray for us. Viva San Junipero. Siempre adelante, nunca de adtrás.  And away we go. 

Barnet Segal Lane turns into Viejo Road.
We are walking parallel to Highway 1 

with Del Monte Shopping Center and Highway 1 to our right.

 This first climb is about one mile.
But if this little dog can make this
pilgrimage so can I.

             One more push half way up the Carmel Hill 

to our second rest stop 2.3 miles into our pilgrimage
Our reward – Monterey Bay.

               Bike Path to Carpenter St. – 1.1 miles

The next mile will be the rest of the climb of Carmel Hill. Make this next mile and Father Peter tells us, “it is all down hill from there.”  

The gold folder calls us to gather for meditation on the life of Saint Junipero Serra.  

Father Peter: At age 53 Saint Junipero ventured to Lower California as newly appointed President of the peninsula’s fifteen missions.  He soon learned of Spain’s forthcoming temporal and spiritual settlement of Upper California.  He volunteered and was appointed President.  During the 95 day, 750 mile journey north by land from Lorreto to San Diego Bay, Junipero experienced great pain.  He wrote, “I had much trouble in standing on my feet because the left foot was much inflamed, and the swelling reached halfway up my leg, which was covered with sores”  Refusing all advice to turn back, Junipero said, “Even if I die on the road, I will not turn back.  Although I would be buried here, I shall gladly remain among these people, if it be the will of God.”  As a final alternative to being carried on a stretcher Junipero asked the muleteer to prepare a poultice for his leg, and by the next day he was walking and able to celebrate Mass…Saint Junipero Serra, when your health was in jeopardy, when the future looked bleak, you never wavered…Help us all to learn from your example and remember that “God keeps His promise. He will not let you be tested beyond your strength.”  (Corinthians 10:13)    
Our pilgrimage is now in the rhythm of our meditation and prayer we loudly praise God and His Mother with the Our Father, Hail Mary and Glory Be. Then we invoke the intercession of our newest saint as we chant, Saint Junipero, pray for us. Viva San Junipero. Siempre adelante, nunca de adtrás.  Carmel Hill here we come!  

Our pilgrimage continues single file

up a steep hill into the shrubs and pines that line Highway 1. 

Our path is now narrow and covered with twigs and leaves. 

 We walked quietly forward, yet always aware of those in need.

Finally it feels like we are walking in the footsteps of the Padres which is described in the following quote from California Trails, Intimate Guide to the Old Missions on page 230. “The Governor took the road to Monterey, going through a dense forest of pine where were paced many great crosses, significant of Christ’s suffering.  But they had not gone far before a band of choristers appeared, all wearing newly washed robes, attended by many young Indians in the dress of acolytes.  They were closely followed by the padres marching in two wings.” 

We descend down to the shoulder of Highway 1.

 But only for a few yards 

 before we are back

climbing into the tree line again.
 The path quickly levels out

 and soon we are out of the tree line on to Carpenter Street.

 John has walked much farther than he had intended. 
We gather for a reflection on Saint Junipero Serra’s life. 

Father Peter: “Saint Junipero truly believed in the power of novenas.  While he was stationed at San Diego, scurvy killed many of the soldiers, provisions were running perilously low, and the supply ship had not returned from Mexico with replenishment.  The dire situation forced a decision to abandon San Diego and California if the ship did not arrive soon.  The limit was set at March 20, 1770, one day after the Solemnity of Saint Joseph…True to his motto, “Always go forward; never turn back,” he wrote that he and fellow priest, Juan Crespi, would remain even if the settlement were abandoned, relying on Almighty God’s providence.” With the participation of all the soldiers and sailors, Saint Junipero began a nine-day novena of prayers to Saint Joseph.  On March 19, the  ninth day of the Novena and the feast of Saint Joseph, and with everything ready for departure from San Diego, a ship was seen on the southern horizon at 3 PM [the hour of Mercy]. Saint Junipero’s heart was filled with “singular joy and happiness” and he “ceaselessly thanked God.”…Saint Junipero Serra, you understood the power and grace of prayer, especially when it is channeled into a novena.  As Our Lord said, “Ask and you shall receive; seek and you shall find;  knock and it shall be opened to you (Luke 11:9).” 

Right on cue our large group prays loudly the Our Father, Hail Mary, and Glory Be.  Saint Junipero, pray for us. Viva San Junipero. Siempre adelante, nunca de adtrás.  Our next stop, Flanders Mansion. 

Continued in Part 2 

Pictures by L. A. Momboisse – 
Carmel, Carmel Mission, Fr. Serra,, Saint

Father Junipero Serra Canonized Saint Junipero Serra September 23, 2015

For the last nine months, ever since the day Pope Francis unexpectedly announced, while flying to the Philippines from Sri Lanka that he planned to canonize Fr. Junipero Serra the town of Carmel-by-the-Sea has been buzzing with opinions.  And as you would expect, the town was far from united in their opinion.  In fact opinions were clearly polarized as usual into opposing factions. 

On Wednesday September 23, 2015 I witnessed Father Junipero Serra canonized – Saint Junipero Serra in the Carmel Mission Basilica courtyard. 

With Father Paul in Washington at the actual canonization, Father Miquel Rodriguez and Deacon Bill precised over our noon mass.  The Basilica was filled with residents, visitors and lots of press.  

Junipero Serra School was closed 

so that the students could participate serving and attending Mass. 

After Mass, Father Miquel reverently carried the First Degree Relic of Saint Junipero Serra to the front door of the mission. 

Here hundreds of us lined up to have a personal moment of blessing as Father Miquel gently touched each of our foreheads or our rosary or religious object with the relic whispering the words, Saint Junipero, pray for us.  

From here the crowd filed into the mission courtyard where more press, security, and a jumbotron awaited. 

We now stood or sat patiently waiting to hear Pope Francis announce Serra’s sainthood.  The day was perfect, sunny, warm with a slight breeze as if the Holy Spirit was putting His kiss on the day.  

At 1:15 the crowd turned their attention to the jumbotron showing the Mass at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington D.C., and listened to the words of Pope Francis.   

“Junipero sought to defend the dignity of the native community, to protect it from those who had mistreated and abused it….Having given mature deliberation and having begged the help of Divine Grace and the opinion of many of our brothers, Blessed Junipero Serra, we discern and define to be a saint, and we inscribe him in the catalog of saints, establishing him in the universal church among the saints who should be appealed to with devotion. in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit. Amen.” 

And with that announcement, the mission bells rang loud and strong for minutes while the crowd cheered.  

A photography by L.A. Momboisse 
Carmel, Carmel Heritage Society, Carmel History, Carmel Mission, Mission Orchard House

Mission Orchard House – Historical House Carmel-by-the-Sea California

Mission Orchard House Property

Most of us have driven by this historical property on Rio Road, nestled between the Carmel Mission and Larson Baseball Field, but few have the opportunity to tour the grounds.

It has been open for special events in the past decade such as: the Carmel Heritage Society’s Home and Garden Tour 2003, the California Mission alfresco dinner in 2013, marking the 300th anniversary of the birth of Blessed Father Junipero Serra, and the inaugural Carmel Bach Festival House and Garden Tour in 2014.

There are two main houses on the property, one built of adobe and one of wood. The two structures (adobe left, wood right) are seen in the picture below.

It is a special place with quite a bit of history. In fact the adobe on this property is considered the oldest private residence in California.  Well at least one of the walls of this residence can claim to be almost 250 years old having been erected in 1772.

Carmel Mission
1770 – 1834

Pentecost Sunday, June 3, 1770 Blessed Father Junipero Serra said Mass and erected the cross that would establish the second mission in California, Mission San Carlos Borromeo (Carmel Mission).  The mission was originally located near the Monterey Presidio beside the Bay of Monterey. 

On August 24, 1771, Blessed Father Junipero Serra moved the mission from Monterey to its present site in Carmel. 

He began construction on the mission and an adobe wall that would surround the future mission orchard in 1772. 

Two years later, Fr. Palou planted a pear orchard within the adobe wall. Three of those pear trees still exist today. 

The picture, above shows the side of the orchard adobe wall that would have faced the Mission.  This is the present day adobe living room wall.  

In 1812 mission records show that a lean-to was built against the orchard adobe wall. This lean-to would have provided housing for the mission orchardist and caretaker.  The 1774 wall of the lean-to is the current north wall of the adobe living room.

1834 – 1859

On August 9, 1834, Mexican Governor Figueroa passed regulations secularizing mission lands.  If the regulations had been carried out as they were decreed, the Carmel Mission Native American’s would have received portions of the mission lands. Though some were granted land, the majority of the mission lands went to Mexican families. (1)

Native American Juan Romero would come to own 160 acres which included the Carmel Mission, pear orchard and the adobe lean-to. (2)

By 1839 the rest of the land surrounding the mission, some 4,367 acres became the Mexican land grant called  Rancho Canada de la Sequnda, granted by Mexican Governor Jose Casto to Lazaro Soto. Lazaro Soto’s grandfather came to California with the De Anza Expedition. Lazaro was married to Felicita Cantua and by 1849 he had sold his land grant for $500 to Andrew Randall.     

–  Back at the Mission, (it is not clear where Juan Romero was during his years of ownership), by 1846 squatters had begun to occupy the mission ruins and the adobe lean-to. One of the squatter families by the name of Cantua (possibly a relative of Felicita Cantua Soto) filed a claim with the U.S. Lands Commission for possession of the property. This was denied. 

In 1850 the squatters used whalebone vertebrae gathered from the beach and wood beams taken from the abandoned Carmel Mission to build a one story wood house next to the adobe lean-to. 

The two downstairs rooms of the wood house that exist today would have represented this structure.  

Though squatters were living on the property Juan Romero still owned the land.  In 1852 he would deed this property to William Curtis a Monterey store owner for $300. 

In 1856 Mr. Curtis sold the property to one of his clerks, Mr. Loveland.

In 1859 John Martin purchased the property from the Loveland’s and lived in the adobe lean-to.  Later that year, the United States Land Commission confirmed ownership of nine acres of the Martin purchase (the land surrounding the Carmel Mission) back to the Catholic Church. (3) John Martin moved his family into a ranch house he built on his property at Mission Ranch.

The picture below is the 1859 U.S. Government survey of land restored to the Catholic Church.  In the north east corner of the orchard two squatters houses are drawn. One being the adobe lean-to consisting of the living room and entry area of the current adobe and the other the two downstairs rooms of the current wood house.   

Back in Church Hands
1860 – Present 

May 27, 1861 -“We visited the old Mission of Carmelo…it is now a complete ruin; entirely desolate…we rode over a broken adobe wall into this court.  Hundreds (literally) of squirrels scampered around to their holes in the old walls…About half of the roof had fallen in…the paintings and inscriptions on the walls are mostly obliterated…The old garden was now a barley field, but there were many fine pear trees left, now full of young fruit.  Roses bloomed luxuriantly in the deserted places, and geraniums flourished as rank weeds. (4)  

Around 1870 Father Angelo Casanova would be appointed pastor of Carmel Mission.  He leased the orchard land to Christiano Machado, a whaler from the island of St. Michael’s in the Azores.

Machado would serve as the mission caretaker and orchardist until 1920.  During that time he added extensively to the garden and the orchard.

In the garden a “ramada” for al fresco dining was built of adobe, along with an oven for baking. 

In 1881, Machado’s brother-in-law, whaler Captain Victorine, (who built the whaler’s cabin at Point Lobos which still stands) would add a second story to the wood squatters shack next to the adobe for the Machado’s twenty-five children.

In 1921 Carmel Mission pastor Father Ramon Mestres would hire Jo Mora to restore the adobe house. 

The main entrance of the adobe was moved to the east side facing the entrance to the wood house.  

An entry room in the adobe led to the living area. The painting decorations on the interior walls were originally painted by Joe Mora.

Additional space was added to the living room to make room for a fireplace.  Mora hired stonemason Juan Martoral to build the large field-stone chimney, which would be built into an addition to the north wall of the living room.

The adobe still resembles the lean-to, with sloping roof off the north wall. (The room seen above off the living space to the west was added in the 1940’s)

To make the ramada and gardens more accessible to guests, doors were added to the south elevation. 

In 1924 Father Mestres sold the restored house to three women.  One of these women was Eva DeSalba, the second mayor and first woman mayor of Carmel. 

These women opened the adobe as the Carmel Tea House, which became a popular Carmel spot for lunch and afternoon tea.  It closed in 1929.

In 1929 the Lloyd Pacheco Tevis Family purchased the property. They would further expand the existing buildings over their years of tenancy. 

The Trevis Family added separate living quarters for their butler and gardener toward the rear of the property,

as well as an art studio for Mrs. Tevis, 

and a billiard room for Mr. Tevis.

In the early 1940’s the Tevis Family hired Sir Harry Downie, curator in charge of the Carmel Mission restoration, to expand the existing adobe home, with the aim of keeping it with its original character.

A new kitchen, 

dining room and butler’s pantry

were added following 
the long axis of the building
opening to the gardens. 

These additions would double the size of the original adobe house.  Downie would also install one of the first water-circulated radiant heating systems in the country within a new concrete slab floor in the adobe.

In 1976 antique dealer Harry Lewis Scott purchased the property from the Trevis family.  Mr. Scott operated Keller & Scott Antiques in downtown Carmel.  At the time, his store was across from the Carmel Art Association on Dolores. 

Scott decorated the home and garden with museum worthy antiques and original painted designs found at the Santa Inez Mission. He also incorporated pieces of St. Patrick’s Cathedral, damaged in the Loma Prieta Earthquake of 1989, into the garden.  

In the mid 1990’s Mr. Scott sold the two and a half acre property, which had come to be known as “Mission Orchard House,” back to the Monterey Diocese. Mr. Scott maintained a life estate in Mission Orchard House so that he could live the rest of his life on the property.

In 2003 he opened up his beautifully decorated property to the Carmel Heritage Society for their annual House and Garden Tour. 

Mr. Scott passed away in 2011 and Mission Orchard House passed to the Diocese of Monterey in October of that year. Currently the diocese is investigating what must be done to restore this important and historic property.  

(1)Randall Millken, Laurence H. Shoup, and Beverly R Ortiz, Ohlone/Costanoan Indians of the San Francisco Peninsula and their Neighbors, Yesterday and Today (Archaeological and Historical Consultants Oakland, California, 2009), p. 154,155,161,162.

(2) Helen Wilson, “The Mission Ranch – A Brief History,” The Herald Weekend Magazine, April 20, 1986.

(3) Martin J. Morgado, Serra’s Legacy (Mount Carmel Publishing Pacific Grove, 1987), p. 113.

(4) Up and Down California in 1860 – 1864 – The Journal of William H. Brewer:  Book 1 Chapter 7 Salinas Valley and Monterey. 

Monterey Father Serra’s Landing Place (Painting of first Mass Pentecost Sunday June 3, 1770) – Oil on canvas depiction by Leon Troussett 1877. 

All photos and video by L. A. Momboisse except those listed below:

– Black and white of adobe and wood house taken after 1921. (Kent Seavey, Images of America Carmel A History in Architecture, (Arcadia Publishing, 2007) p.17

– Black and white drawing of Carmel Mission c. 1794 by John Sykes (picture taken from wall in Carmel Mission courtyard).

– Picture of water color of Carmel Mission c. 1827 by Richard Beechey (picture taken from wall in Carmel Mission courtyard).

– 1859 U.S. government survey of land restored to the Catholic Church (Martin J. Morgado, Serra’s Legacy (Mount Carmel Publishing Pacific Grove, 1987), p. 113).

– Two black and white photos from 1929 – the Mission Tea House inside and out.  Photos used with permission from Casa Q Events. Casa Q Events planned the dinner at Orchard House given in honor of the 300th anniversary of the birth of Blessed Father Junipero Serra. 

Carmel Mission, Stations of the Cross, Way of the Cross

Stations of the Cross – Carmel Blessed Sacrament Chapel

Praying the Stations of the Cross at the
Blessed Sacrament Chapel
of the Carmel Mission Basilica

The Stations of the Cross is a devotion to the Sacred Passion, in which we accompany, in spirit, our Blessed Lord in His sorrowful journey from the house of Pilate to Calvary, and meditate on His sufferings and death.
Preparatory Prayer
My Lord Jesus Christ, You made this journey to die for me with unutterable love, and I have so many times unworthily abandoned You; but now I love You with my whole heart, and because I love You. I repent sincerely for ever having offended You,  Pardon me, my God and permit me to accompany You on this journey.  You go to die for love of me; I wish also my beloved Redeemer, to die for love of You,  My Jesus, I will live and die always united to You.
Before each Station say: We adore You O Christ, and we bless You. Because by Your holy Cross, You have redeamed the world.
After each Station say: One Our Father, One Hail Mary, One Glory Be
First Station
Jesus is Condemned to Death
Consider how Jesus, after having been scourged and crowned with thorns, was unjustly condemned by Pilate to die on the Cross.
Dear Jesus, it was not Pilate, but my sins that condemned You to die.  I ask You, by the merits of this sorrowful journey, to assist my soul in its journey towards eternity.  I repent with my whole heart for having offended you.  Never permit me to separate myself from You again.
Second Station
Jesus Accepts His Cross
Consider how Jesus, in making this journey with the Cross on His shoulders, thought of us, and offered to His Father, for us, the death He was about to undergo.
My most beloved Jesus, I embrace all the tribulations You have destined for me until death.  I implore You, by the pain You suffered in carrying Your Cross, to give me the necessary help to carry mine with perfect patience and resignation.  Grant that I may love You always; and then do with me as You will.
Third Station
Jesus Falls the First Time
Consider this first fall of Jesus under His Cross.  His flesh torn by the scourges, His head crowned with thorns, so weakened that he could scarcely walk, and yet he had to carry this great load upon His shoulders as the crowd and soldiers ridiculed Him.
My beloved Jesus, it is not the weight of the Cross, but my sins, which have made You suffer so much pain.  By the merits of this first fall, deliver me from the misfortune of falling into mortal sin.  Never permit me to separate myself from You again.  Grant that I may love You always; and then do with me as You will. 
Fourth Station
Jesus Meets His Sorrowful Mother
Consider the meeting of the Son and the Mother, which took place on the journey.  Jesus and Mary looked at each other, and their looks became as so many arrows to wound those hearts which loved each other so tenderly.
My most loving Jesus, by the sorrow You experience in this meeting, grant me the grace of  true devotion and love for Your most holy Mother.
Fifth Station
Simon Helps Jesus Carry the Cross
Consider how the soldiers, seeing that at each step Jesus, from weakness, was on the point of expiring, and fearing that He would die on the way, forced Simon the Cyrenian to carry the Cross behind our Lord.
Dear Jesus, help me by your grace to not refuse my cross, but to accept and embrace it.  I love you.  Never permit me to offend You again.  Grant that I may love You always; and then do with me as You will.
Sixth Station
Veronica Wipes the Face of Jesus
Consider how the holy woman Veronica, seeing Jesus so afflicted, and His face bathed in sweat and blood, presented Him with a towel, with which He wiped His face, leaving on it the impression of His holy countenance.
Most beloved Jesus, Your face was beautiful before, but in this journey it has lost its beauty, and wounds and blood have disfigured it.  Regrettably, my soul also was once beautiful, when it received Your grace in Baptism; but I have disfigured it since with my sins.  You alone, my Redeemer, can restore my soul it to its former beauty.
Seventh Station
Jesus Falls the Second Time
Consider the second fall of Jesus under the Cross – a fall which renews the pain of all His wounds.
Dear Jesus, how many times You have pardoned me, and how many times have I fallen again.  By the merits of this new fall, give me the necessary help to persevere in Your grace until death,  Grant that in all temptations which beset me I may always commend myself to You. 
Eighth Station
Jesus Meets the Women of Jerusalem
Consider how those women wept with compassion at seeing Jesus in such a pitiable state.  But Jesus said to them:  “Weep not for Me, but for your children.”
My Jesus, laden with sorrows, I weep for the offenses I have committed against You.  I repent of having offended You.  Never permit me to offend You again. 
Ninth Station
Jesus Falls a Third Time
Consider the third fall of Jesus.  His weakness was extreme, and the cruelty of His executioners excessive.
Dear Jesus, I love You and I repent of my sins.  Never permit me to offend You again.  Grant that I may love You always; and then do with me what You will. 
Tenth Station
Jesus is Stripped of His Garments
Consider the violence with which the executioners stripped Jesus.  His garments adhered to His torn flesh, and they dragged them off so roughly that the skin came off with the garments.  Comfort your Savior thus cruelly treated, and say to Him:
My Innocent Jesus, by the merits of the torments You endured, help me to strip myself of all affection to things of earth in order that I may place all my love in You, who are so worthy of my love.  I love You, O Jesus, with my whole heart.  I repent of having offended You.  Never permit me to offend You again.  Grant that I may love You always; and then do with me as You will. 

Eleventh Station
Jesus is Nailed to the Cross
Consider how Jesus, after being thrown on the Cross stretched out His arms, and offered to His eternal Father the sacrifice of His death for our salvation. 
My crucified Jesus, nail my heart to Your Cross, that I may ever remain there, to love You, and never leave You again.
Twelfth Station
Consider how Jesus, after three hours of agony on the Cross abandons Himself to the weight of His body, bows His head, and dies. 
O my dying Jesus, I kiss devoutly the Cross on which You died for love of me.  I deserve because of my sins, to die; but Your death is my hope.  By the merits of Your death, give me grace to die, embracing Your feet, and burning with love for You.  I yield my soul into Your hands. 
Thirteenth Station
Jesus is Taken Down from the Cross
Consider how, after the death of our Lord, two of His friends, Joseph and Nicodemus, took Him down from the Cross, and placed Him in the arms of His Mother.
O Mother of Sorrows, for the love of this Son, accept me for your servant, and pray to Him for me.  I love You my Jesus, and I repent of ever having offended You.  Never let me offend You again.  Grant that I may love you always; and then do with me as You will.   
Fourteenth Station
Jesus if Placed in the Tomb
Consider how the disciples carried the body of Jesus to bury it, accompanied by His holy Mother, who arranged it in the sepulcher with her own hands.
Oh, my buried Jesus, I repent of having ever offended you.  I love You.  Never permit me to offend You again.  Grant that I may love You always; and then do with me as You will. 
Fifteenth Station
Jesus Rises from the Dead

Some time during the night, Dear Jesus, You stepped out of the empty grave with the fire of victory in Your Heart and an unconquerable joy in Your Soul as You definitively triumphed over sin and death.  Jesus, thank You for living and dying for us, so that we who believe in and follow You will not die, but live in heaven forever with You.  Amen
Carmel Mission, Father Serra,, Monterey, San Carlos Cathedral Monterey

Monterey Bay Discovered

Monterey Bay Discovered

In 1542 the King of Spain sent Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo in search of the Strait of Anian, a body of water thought to connect the Atlantic and Pacific oceans north of Mexico. 

Cabrillo began his voyage in June sailing north with two small vessels.  On September 28, 1542 he entered San Diego Bay and named the area San Miguel.  He continued northward naming and discovering islands and bays, calling the Bay of Monterey, Bahía de los Pinos because of the forest of Pine trees that covered the inland area surrounding the bay.

Unable to anchor Cabrillo continued northward passing San Francisco bay without notice, finally turning back south around Bodega Bay.  The fabled Strait of Anian was not found, but he added the coast of Alta California to the Spanish map. 

In 1566 a Spanish galleon that annually sailed from Acapulco for the Philippines chose a longer “circle route” coming home, in order to avoid unfavorable winds.  This route took the galleon near Cape Mendocino before it turned south toward Acapulco. Sailors had been instructed to keep watch for the harbors along Alta California discovered by Cabrillo 24 years earlier. None were spotted. 

King Philip III of Spain believed there was a great importance to having a port on the coast of Alta California and sent Sebastián Vizcaíno on May 5, 1602 in search of one.    
Vizcaíno followed Cabrillo’s route up the coast of Alta California and on December 16, 1602 anchored at Bahía de los Pinos which he renamed Puerto de Monterey and the tip of a pine covered headland Punta de Pinos.

In his diary Vizcaíno wrote, that “his men built a shelter under a great oak near the shore” where Carmelite friar Father Antonio de Ascención celebrated Mass on the beach of Bahía de los Pinos.

Before he returned to Mexico, Vizcaíno spent a few weeks exploring the area finding rolling hills, a pleasantly warm valley and a fertile river running through it all to the sea.  This river he named Carmelo after the three Carmelite priests who accompanied him on this journey.  150 years would pass before this area would be colonized.

In 1769, Jose de Galvez, Visitador-General of New Spain selected a fourfold expedition that would travel by land and sea.  Their objective was Monterey, but they were all to meet first in San Diego. 

Two ships, the San Carlos and the San Antonio and two land divisions readied to leave La Paz.  The first land division started in late March of 1769 under Captain Rivera y Moncada and Fr. Juan Crespi.

The second land division set off May 15 under the command of Captain Gaspar de Portolá and 56 year old Fr. Junípero Serra who had been selected to be the father-president of the missions to be founded in Alta California. 

On July 1, 1769 the last of the four divisions, Portolá and Fr. Serra reached San Diego.  They found the other three divisions suffering from hunger and scurvy.  It was determined that the sick soldiers who could still stand should board the San Antonio and sail back for La Paz and request fresh supplies.  Those who were too sick stayed in San Diego to be cared for by Pedro Prat the surgeon of the expedition, leaving 64 well enough to continue overland with Portolá and Fr. Crespí on July 14.  Fr. Serra stayed behind in San Diego. 

The overland expedition failed to recognize Monterey Bay as described by Vizcaíno.  They continued north sighting San Francisco Bay.  Confused that it was not the described Monterey Bay, they turned south retracing their steps to Carmel Bay where they planted a large wooden cross.  Buried underneath was an account of the expedition in case someone would come upon this position.

Crossing over the hill they again failed to recognize Monterey Bay from the description of Vizcaíno, yet they erected another large cross at the bay with the message, “The land expedition is returning to San Diego for lack of provisions, today, December 9, 1769.”

Portolá and Crespí arrived in San Diego January 24, 1770 finding the settlement in far worse condition than when they had left six months earlier.  During their travels they had become convinced that where they had left the crosses was indeed Monterey.  But the San Antonio which was to have brought provisions had not arrived and without sufficient supplies they would not be able to return north to Monterey or continue to establish the settlement in San Diego. 

Fr. Serra and Portolá agreed that unless the supply ship returned to San Diego by Saint Joseph’s Day (March 19th), they would have to abandon the settlement and return home to La Paz.   Fr. Serra began a ninth day Novena that would end on the feast of Saint Joseph.  At 3PM on March 19th the San Antonio arrived. 

On April 16, 1770, the San Antonio set sail for Monterey with Fr. Serra and Miguel Constansó.  Portolá led the overland division arriving six weeks later in Monterey at the sight of the crosses. The San Antonio carrying Fr. Serra arrived a few days later and on Pentecost Sunday, June 3, 1770, Father Serra celebrated a high Mass under a large oak, the same oak where in 1602, Vizcaíno had claimed the land for Spain.  After Mass, Portolá unfurled the Spanish flag and conducted the ceremonies of possession and establishment in the name of King Charles III. 

Jose Espinosa y Tello Map Plano Del Puerto y Bahia De Monte Rey 1791
Map used by Vizcaino in 1602
March of Portola to Monterey by Walter Francis
Father Serra Statue at the landing site June 3, 1770 Monterey
Father Serra’s Landing Place or Celebration of the First Mass – Leon Trousset

Carmel, Carmel Mission, Where in Monterey County?


Where will you find this quatrefoil window?
After arriving by ship at Monterey Bay June 3, 1770, Father Junipero Serra immediately erected a cross near an oak tree, hung a bell on the limb, began the formal founding of Mission San Carlos Borromeo the second mission of the province and celebrated its first Mass. The original setting was on the shores of Monterey Bay at the Presidio of Monterey.
Because this site did not have the land or water to make the mission self-supporting and due to the undesireable influence of the soldiers stationed at the Presidio, Father Serra moved the mission site south in 1771 to its present location near the mouth of the Carmel River. 

At this new location, Father Serra erected a cross where daily Mass would be held until the chapel could be built.
In 1938, Harry Downie, the curator in charge of mission restoration, discovered the remains of this cross shaft, and had the cross reconstructed and erected on its original site. 
Father Serra died August 28, 1784, years before the Carmel Mission Basilica was completed.  Father Lasuen took over where Father Serra had left off, completing the original stone church in 1797.   
Thirty-seven years later the mission
lands were secularized and fell into ruins. 
As a parish church, Mass continued to be held in the mission periodically until services had to be moved to the sacristy next door due to fear that the roof would collapse.  After Mass on November 4, 1852, the feast day of Saint Charles Borromeo, patron Saint of Carmel Mission Basilica, the roof did in fact cave in.   
But Carmel Mission Basilica would rise again.  On August 28, 1884 the 100th anniversary of Father Serra’s death, Father Angel Casanova rededicated the mission with a new wood shingled peaked roof. 

In 1931, Harry Downie would be appointed curator in charge of mission restoration.  One of the first jobs of the Restoration Committee would be to raise funds for rebuilding Father Casanova’s steep roof, which had fallen into disrepair, to the original 1790’s design.  
The quatrefoil window, a common Mission style architectural feature, can be found over the front entrance of…


The Basilica of

Mission San Carlos Borromeo
Carmel Mission Basilica
3080 Rio Road
Carmel, CA
Catholic Mass
Daily (Monday – Friday) 7AM 12PM 5:30PM
Daily (Saturday) 8:30AM
Vigil Mass (Saturday) 5:30PM
Sunday Mass 7:30AM 9:15AM 11AM 12:45PM

Saturday 9:30AM – 10:30AM Blessed Sacrament Chapel

Carmel Mission Museum and Store
Monday – Saturday 9:30AM – 5:00PM
Sunday 10:30AM – 5:00PM
Charge to view Museum $6.25


Father Serra Celebrates Mass at Monterey – Leon Troussett
Drawing of Mission area 1794 by John Sykes
Watercolor of Mission in 1827 by Richard Beechey
Mission in ruins after secularization – Photograph courtesy of Downie Collection
1884 Mission roof restored – Photograph C. W. J. Johnson, courtesy of the Monterey Public Library, California History Room Archives